The Jujube tree is a fruit tree in the Rhamnaceae, or Buckthorn Family, that grows very well in S. Florida. Its origin is southern Asia and has been cultivated in China for 4000 years where there are 400 known varieties. It can attain a height of 20′ and 12′ wide with shiny green foliage, and bears a small oval fruit in late November – January. The fruit is eaten fresh when it is still smooth and green. It has the consistency and taste of an apple. It later matures to a purplish-black. It is at this stage when it is dried and becomes chewy with a date-like consistency, giving it the common name of Red Dates. This tree is extremely cold tolerant, surviving temperatures down to about 5 degrees F.
In China, jujube tea can be found along with juice and a vinegar used to make pickles. A wine is also made from the fruit. Chinese medicine uses the fruit to kill internal parasites, promote liver function, and improve the pulmonary system. In Iranian cuisine, the dried fruits are eaten as a snack.
Jujubes were first introduced into the United States in the late 1800’s, but quickly fell out of favor due to the fact that the variety introduced was best suited for drying and not eaten fresh. It wasn’t until the 1990’s that a variety was introduced, and cultivated for eating fresh off the tree. Most recently, in 2007, two more varieties were introduced for fresh fruit. It seems unclear which cultivars are being sold in the nursery trade today, however, it is known that the following named cultivars: ‘Sugar Cane’, ‘Li’, ‘Sherwood’, ‘Chico’, and ‘Honey Jar’ are the best ones for eating fresh, with ‘Honey Jar’ being the smallest and juiciest. ‘Lang’ and ‘Shanxi Li’ are best for drying and eating like dates. One thing is clear though, this tiny fruit has 20x more vitamin C than citrus fruit.
Richard Lyons’ Nursery sells the fresh fruit in season which would be right now, as well as trees in 3gal. and 7gal. containers.
Mandarin Hat or China Hat Plant (Holmskioldia sanguinea) is well named due to the flower shape. It does in fact resemble a hat from the far east. This Asian shrub flowers most heavily between October and May. This is ideal for South Florida since this shrub is an excellent hummingbird nectar source and that is the time when the Ruby-throated Hummingbird is present here.
If you want to maintain the plant’s compactness, do some selective pruning after it flowers. In addition to the red and orange varieties, there is a lesser grown yellow variety. I would say hummingbirds seem to hone in on the red and orange flowers more than the yellow variety.
Richard Lyons Nursery currently has this plant in stock now and it is in full bloom.
It is a good time of year to check in on a winter bloomer that attracts hummingbirds, the Powderpuff shrub (Calliandra). Attaining a height of 6-12′, the red and white varieties only bloom in the winter, while the pink variety blooms year round. Just like the Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow shrub featured a couple of weeks ago, The Powderpuff shrub is aptly named. The flowers consisting of many stamens form a ball resembling a ‘Powderpuff’.
Richard Lyons Nursery has all three varieties for sale.
Sansevieria: If you are familiar with this botanical name, the first thing that comes to mind is Sansevieria trifasciata. Now if you are not familiar with this botanical name, I bet you are familiar with the common names of Snake Plant or maybe even more familiar with Mother-in-Law’s Tongue. A long flat thick succulent leaf, green in the middle and yellow on the edges. It grows in clumps and spreads via underground rhizomes and is on Miami-Dade County’s invasive plant list. However, there are many cultivars of this plant that stay small and clump and are not considered invasive. There are other species as well which can be grown here in S. Florida either in the landscape or in decorative terra cotta pots.
Richard Lyons Nursery, currently has these plants to offer:
Sanseveria cylindrica var. patula ‘Boncel’ (African Spear), a very attractive plant for a shallow wide container which it will fill in no time.
Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Hahnii’ (Bird’s Nest Sanseveria), also makes an excellent plant for a decorative pot, but it can also be used for garden borders.
Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Jade Dwarf Marginated’ (Dwarf Snake Plant), also an excellent border plant for the garden.
Finally, we have the largest of this group of plants, Sansevieria canaliculata, attaining a height of 3-4 feet. Very narrow, almost cylindrical, except for a small indent running the length of the leaf. A very nice specimen plant.
It is peek flowering season for one of the more colorful shrubs in the South Florida landscape, with an unusual common name. I am referring to the Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow shrub (Brunfelsia grandiflora). While it starts blooming in late September or early October, and continues into the springtime, mid-November thru December really is at its most spectacular.
Now, for an explanation of its common name: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow is referring to the three color phases of each flower. This gives the appearance that the shrub has three different colors of flowers, but in fact, every flower starts out purple, fades to lavender, and then to white before falling off. That is why, you only see white flowers on the ground. Since flowers continue to bloom each day, you do in fact see three different colors at the same time. Yesterday they were purple, Today they are lavender, and Tomorrow they will be white. By the end of the day, all of the white stages of the flowers fall to the ground. Each flower blooms for approximately three days.
Richard Lyons Nursery currently has this shrub in stock.